Not for Profit Society – Necessary requirement for opening a School in India – A Note.

To quote from the CBSE Bye – Laws this is what they need from an entity starting a school

“The Trust or Society/Management running the school should be of non-proprietary character.” – Page 6

“Private, unaided schools established by Societies registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860 of the Government of India or under Acts of the State Governments as educational, charitable or religious societies having non-proprietary character or by Trusts.” – Page 10.

So now there are couple of question which arises which we are seeking answers for;

Question 1: Is this the only way to start a school in India? If so, why?

Question 2: What is this “Non Proprietary” character for a society?

Question 3: How do you form a Society?

Question 4: What are the mandatory initial and recurring requirements which are required to be fulfilled so that a society can function smoothly ?

Question  5: What is the format of Non Proprietary Character Affidavit as required by the CBSE?

Let me try to answer these question to the best of my ability in the manner I have learnt over a period of time;

Question 1: Is this the only way to start a school in India? If so, why?

Answer: YES, this is the only way. You can either start a SOCIETY or a TRUST but mandatory requirement is it that they should be of Non Proprietary Character. This is because government is very wary of some unethical private players posturing as educators and exploiting this basic need of every child. By laying this ground rule, Government tries to discourage these forces as much as possible. Though things still might be happening under the garb of Non-Proprietary but blatant practices to an extent are neutralized by this law.

Question 2: What is this “Non Proprietary” character for a society?

Answer: Not for Profit or Non Proprietary means the members of the  managing committee of the society  in No Way can withdraw PROFIT coming out of the business of the society or the trust for their personal gain. The Profit simply explained in business parlance will be BOTTOM LINE. 

Money should be channelized within the ambit of society and its functional areas. Society’s profit should be used only for the development and betterment of the objectives and aims of the society.

Question 3: How do you form a Society ? Are there any Tax Advantages one gets by working as a Not for Profit Society?

Here this article on wikipedia is very helpful, I am copying some important lines from the wiki page – A Non Profit Organisation can be registered in India as a Society, under the Registrar of Societies or as a Trust, by making a Trust deed. 

Whether a trust, society or section-8 company, the Income Tax Act, 1961 gives all categories equal treatment, in terms of exempting their income and granting 80G certificates, whereby donors to non-profit organisations may claim a rebate against donations made. Foreign contributions to non-profits are governed by FC(R)A regulations and the Home Ministry.

For an organisation to be termed as Charity it requires Income tax clearances under 12 A Clause of Income Tax Act. Section 2(15) of the Income Tax Act defines ‘charitable purpose’ to include ‘relief of the poor, education, medical relief and the advancement of any other object of general public utility’. A purpose that relates exclusively to religious teaching or worship is not considered as charitable.

The main instrument of any society is the memorandum of association and rules and regulations (no stamp paper required), wherein the aims and objects and mode of management (of the society) should be enshrined.

The main instrument of any society is the memorandum of association and article of association.

Memorandum of association is the charter of a society. It is a document depicting and describing the objects of the its existence and its operations. However, article of association includes rules and regulations of the society under which it works.

A Society needs a minimum of seven managing committee members; there is no upper limit to the number of managing committee members. The Board of Management is in the form of a governing body or council or a managing or executive committee. The society has a Chairman, Treasurer, Secretary and ordinary members.  There will be some permanent memebers and some temporary members.

One applied for registration, the Registrar of Society will give the society a Registration Certificate.


Question 4: What are the mandatory initial and recurring requirements which are required to be fulfilled so that a society can function smoothly ?

There are three things in mandatory requirements which needs constant attention as long as society is in existence;

1) Audited Balance Sheets – Every society has to mandatory get its books audited by a qualified chartered accountant. The society then has to produce the balance sheet and audited results in front of Registrar of Society every year.

2) Minute Books – Every society has to maintain minutes book detailing various decisions and meetings which take part in course of time. Same shall has to be produced  in front of Registrar of Society every year.

3) Members Fee – Memebers have to give a certain amount as fee charged by the registrar of Society.


Question  5: What is the format of Non Proprietary Character Affidavit as required by the CBSE?

The format of this is not prescribed by CBSE, but you have to mention the name of the members of the society and the chairman has to take an oath saying none of them are related (Blood-line wise) to each other. In case some are related same needs to be mentioned in the affidavit. This has to get stamped a first degree magistrate or equal. These documents need to get scanned for online submission. Fill in all the information required, same can be done in piecemeal. Once you are satisfied with all the details. Submit your application. A rough format is attached here, please consult your lawyer before using the same Non Proprietary Format

In case you are wondering should you open a Scoiety or a a Trust.

Difference between Trust & Society

Basis of Difference Trust Society
Statute/Legislation Private trusts are governed by Indian Trust Act, 1882. Public charitable trusts do not have a national level governing law. Societies Registration Act, 1860
Minimum number of members Two Seven
Geographical area of activities All India (no need to mention this in the Trust Deed) A separate registration for All India level is required (8 members from different states required)
Nature of control One man control, i.e. Settler Democratic system. Decisions are made by voting. Power struggle may ensue.
Amendments Can easily be done via a supplementary trust deed Relatively more difficult. Both Memorandum of Association and Rules and Regulations need to be changed
Names Easily available A bit difficult to get the desired name
Bank a/c operation Controlled by one person, Settler Two persons, either President or Secretary and Treasurer
Office holders’ tenure Trustees generally hold office for the whole life Members hold office for a period of time and may stand for re-election
Winding-up Trust is generally irrevocable, Can not be wound-up. Can be wound up if 3/5th of the members so desire
Family members Can become trustees Registrar objects on family members becoming part of the Governing Body
Governed by Board of Trustees Governing Body which should be directors, governors, trustees etc
Main documents
  1. Trust Deed
  1. Memorandum Of Association
  2. Rules and Regulation
Objectives Can be general Have to be specific

This inför has been copied from


Our society comprises of members of my family. What do I do to make it of “Non Proprietary” nature?

Answer: Off all the members in a society majority i.e more than 50% cannot be related by blood. Also while declaring the members of the society in the affidavit the Chairman will have to declare the relationship among the members who all are related by blood line.

Hi, if you are looking for a Consultant to help you start a School or with any issue like Affiliations, Project Finance, School Management, Project Feasibility Studies, Project Report, Contact Abhiney Singh by filling the form below or calling or through WhatsApp on +91 70002 40006


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Abhiney Singh

Abhiney Singh

I run a school called Brighton International School ( I am also now a partner with a School consulting company which helps budding educators or investors start school or gain access to help related to school. The help could be in the form of Turnkey School Consultation, Detailed Project report, Project Finance, Business Plan consulting, Recruitment planning, Infrastructure consultation, Affiliation Consultation, Teacher’s Training, Academic and Curriculum Planning. I now have a decade of work experience. I strongly believe in improving every day and I have tremendous respect for people who pursue their dreams with undying passion and enthusiasm. I have worked in Mumbai for about 6 years as a Marketing-Media professional which has helped me in shaping what I am today. I am Chemical Engineer with an MBA in Marketing. You can know more about me at You can mail me on or call me on +91 70002 40006. This number is also on whatsapp.

34 thoughts on “Not for Profit Society – Necessary requirement for opening a School in India – A Note.

  • July 1, 2020 at 7:14 am

    Hi Abhinav,
    I have 3 acres of land in rural area of Alwar dist. of Rajasthan. Interested in opening a school up to 8th standard. Wondering if you can through some light on following issues.
    1. Which registration is better & easy and faster to get, CBSE or State board.
    2. What is the tentative fund requirement for opening of a middle school.
    3. Do you arrange for the project report & Loan from bank for construction of building & school & what is your tentative fees.
    4. How much time is expected for completion of all suchactivities to start const. of building.

    • July 1, 2020 at 8:38 am

      Dear Surinder,
      Reply to your queries

      1. Which registration is better & easy and faster to get, CBSE or State board. – You cannot get CBSE without the state board affiliation, kindly read my posts again.

      2. What is the tentative fund requirement for opening of a middle school. – All depends on size and facilities, a tentative cost of Rs 100 per square fete is safe to assume

      3. Do you arrange for the project report & Loan from bank for construction of building & school & what is your tentative fees.
      Just for the project report, we charge Rs 75,000Plus GST. For loan disbursal , we charge 1.35% of the disbursed amount.

      4. How much time is expected for completion of all suchactivities to start const. of building.
      8 – 10 months

  • June 10, 2020 at 5:56 pm

    Hi abhi sir ..can you advise me ..whole process of school opening.uptp 8th cbse

  • July 9, 2019 at 2:55 pm

    1.Is it mandatory to form a trust or society to open preschool/playschool( without LKG/UKG)?
    2.if yes how could we earn profit?
    3.if no what is the procedure to open a playschool?
    Thanks in advance

  • September 19, 2018 at 7:38 am

    Dear Abhiney, I had a doubt , if i want to open 2 schools, then do i have to register separate society for each of them and what if in future i want to expand the number of schools, then for every school do i need to register a separate society. Please help me with this. And if possible can you guide me to exact ruling or circular regarding same.


  • July 22, 2017 at 9:39 am

    Hi Abhiney,

    I wanted to confirm whether only a entity having non-profit objects can own/run a private school in maharashtra or is it possible for a private limited company or an LLP to own/run a school?

    • September 19, 2020 at 8:27 pm

      Abhi Sir,
      I have a doubt wrt name. Suppose one has registered a society name as “Xyz Prechool” . So the name of the school should also have to be Xyz Preschool. Or it can be flexible to the need like “xyz international school” for senior classes and for juniors too.
      If school name can be different with its society then I think we need to register for the copy right or trade mark to avoid getting it copied by others.
      I am ready to pay charges for project report and a commission for loan amount disbursement. Pl guide for that too.

      Pl guide.

      • October 20, 2020 at 9:07 am

        The School name could be anything and not necessarily has to be after the name of the Society / Trust / Section 8 company running it. IN my example the society which runs Brighton International School is called Pratistha educational society.

  • October 14, 2016 at 6:09 am

    Dear sir
    Please send proper wording for non-property affidavit character.
    Hira Lal

    • October 14, 2016 at 9:35 am

      Dear Mr Hira Lal,
      The affidavit should basically state the following
      1) The Society / Trust os non-proprietary in character
      2) Should list out the names of the members with their addresses, professions and designations in the society / trust / company
      3) It should also reveal the relationships if any between the members

  • September 6, 2016 at 5:42 am

    I’ve query about opening school in UP. I’ve read your article how to
    open school. I’m going to register a society in INDIA level. Now , I
    required 7 people from different states. My question is how much these
    seven people can affect society after registration .
    For e.g if something happen between me and other seven guys.

    • September 6, 2016 at 6:58 am

      Dear Ambika,
      Why do you need to register an India Level society, I hope you will have answered for the same. But in case if you are looking to just do one school, a state level entity would suffice. And the answer to your question “what if something goes wrong between people in the trust / society” – It can get very messy and uncomfortable for all of you, since by definition whatever you do in a school for the school has to be resolved and approved by the society / trust hence a dissent within doesn’t really serves the purpose.

  • July 9, 2016 at 1:39 pm

    Hello sir
    I want to open a school of ICSE board. So cud u plz know the relevant details of forming trust too.

  • March 15, 2016 at 7:37 am

    hello sir… this is shekhar gupta from agra,up sir i want to know , how much land is required to open a cbse board school.. nurs to 12th ??
    minimum land required ?
    other question is .. my other school is running in society.. we want to covert into trust ??? is it posible ??

  • February 21, 2016 at 6:36 pm

    hi abhiney i have written a mail to you , today and also earlier , but did not get a reply, would be happy to get a reply and also your contct detials, as i would llike to take the proper adivce from you
    harin sheth

  • February 8, 2016 at 12:13 pm

    Please help us with the minimum land requirement to open a CBSE Senior Secondary School in UP rural area? We have heard that land requirement has reduced from 2 Acres to 1.5 Acres. Moreover we want to open the school by forming Trust. Under what act(THE INDIAN TRUSTS ACT, 1882) Trust needs to be registered i.e. a Private Trust is required or a public trust is required?

    • February 16, 2016 at 10:01 am

      Dear Priya,
      Any trust will do till the time is Non-Properitary in Character. The land requirement is minimum of 1.5 Acres.

  • January 3, 2016 at 5:31 am

    Sir, i am going to start a school in Odisha. For that I am going to register a trust constructing of my family members only. Kindly answer my following queries.
    1. If all the trustees are family members, then is it possible to have a non- proprietory character?
    2. Can one or all of the trustees be paid employees of the School that the trust is running?


    • January 4, 2016 at 7:10 pm

      Answers to Radheshyam
      1) Family can have Non – Properiteary Character give that the Blood Line doesn’t have the majority.
      2) Yes trustees can be paid employees – No issues.

  • December 21, 2015 at 2:36 pm

    Res sr I want to open direct cbse aff school without state affi.1 to 8
    And I have 1.25 acre in tahsil place mp pl guide

  • December 8, 2015 at 4:27 pm

    Can the members of the society running the school work in the same school as salaried employees….

  • September 13, 2015 at 7:45 am

    Hi Abhiney,

    You have a awesome page with lots of information here. Thanks.

    Here is my question
    1. Is there really no way to create for profit schools in India ?
    2. If not, why do some international schools charge as high as 1 Lakh for primary section admission ? Are they non profitable ?
    3. I am on verge of venturing into schools ( I have a business model in mind ) . Can I take funding from VC? If yes, then they would be expecting returns. Can I provide them that?

    Thanks , Sudhendu.

    • September 19, 2015 at 10:21 am

      Hi Sudhendu,
      – There is certainly profit which can be generated from the school, but most of it will be in the form of salaries and TDS deducted amounts.
      – They certainly are non-profitable but that save them from paying salaries to the staff and providing the quality of infrastructure and pedagogy they provide.
      – Yes of course it can get funded. Nationalised banks have been doing it across India for several decades now. For business model planning get in touch with a CA. If you are looking to get a Project Report made, let me know my consultancy outfit provides such services. Write to me on

  • March 1, 2015 at 1:11 pm

    Hello Sir,
    Thanks for the information shared through this site. I would like to start a school and only I am investing. If I register on society or trust name who will be the owner of the property and what about my investment.

    Please suggest in this regards.

    • March 2, 2015 at 7:07 am

      Dear Mr. Hussain, Kindly talk to a Chartered accountant, he will advise you on the same. Basically a society starts off by taking donations, contributions or Loans from patrons.

  • November 25, 2014 at 10:36 am

    pls give me contact no for the consultancies for approval of cbse


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