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Observation Parameters for Pre-School and Kindergarten Students

Most of the schools and parents tend to play down the value of measuring a child’s behaviour in sub junior classes like Playgroup/Nursery, UKG or LKG. I have gone through hordes of report cards format and methodologies, after searching a lot on the web and otherwise, I really liked the American way (Infant-Toddler Key Developmental Indicators (KDIs) The Highscope model.
For teachers and administrators looking for such parameters, this can be a great starting point.

Preschool Child Observation Record Items


I. Initiative

A. Making choices and plans
1. Child indicates a choice by pointing or some other action.
2. Child expresses a choice in one or two words.
3. Child expresses a choice with a short sentence.
4. Child makes a plan with three or more details.
B. Solving problems with materials
1. Child expresses frustration when encountering a problem with materials.
2. Child identifies a problem with materials and asks for help.
C. Initiating play
1. Child engages in exploratory play.
2. Child makes something with materials.
3. Child engages in pretend play.
4. During play with other children, child adds an idea that modifies the play.
5. Child joins with other children in playing a game with rules.
D. Taking care of personal needs
1. Child observes as others do a self-care activity.
2. Child accomplishes some parts of a self-care activity.
3. Child helps another child in a self-care activity or program routine.

II. Social Relations

E. Relating to adults
1. Child participates in a conversation initiated by a familiar adult.
2. Child participates in a conversation initiated by an unfamiliar adult.
3. Child initiates an interaction with an adult.
F. Relating to other children
1. Child responds when another child initiates an interaction.
2. Child initiates and sustains an interaction with another child.
3. Child invites another child to play.
G. Resolving interpersonal conflict
1. In a conflict with another child, child responds with yelling or physical action.
2. Child requests adult help in resolving a conflict with another child.
3. With adult help, child offers a solution to a conflict.
H. Understanding and expressing feelings
1. Child expresses an emotion.
2. Child comforts another child.
3. Child identifies an emotion and gives a reason for it.

III. Creative Representation

I. Making and building models
1. Child can use different materials to make some figure.
2. Child can differentiate between different materials.
3. Child makes a model with three or more basic parts.
J. Drawing and painting pictures
1. Child uses a marker, crayon, pencil, chalk, paint, or finger paint.
2. Child draws or paints something and explains what it stands for.
K. Pretending
1. Child acts like an animal, an object, or another person.
2. Child uses both words and actions to portray a role, situation, or setting.

IV. Movement and Music

L. Moving in various ways
1. Child pounds with, shakes, twists or swings an arm or a leg.
2. Child runs, marches, gallops, or jumps.
3. Child walks up or down stairs, alternating feet.
4. Child names a movement and does it.
5. Child hops, skips, or twirls around and stops without falling.
M. Moving with Objects
1. Child throws or kicks an object.
2. Child catches an object.
3. Child dribbles a ball.
4. Child strikes a moving object with a bat or paddle.
N. Moving to Music
1. Child moves to music.
2. Child imitates others as they move to music.
O. Singing
1. Child makes vocal sounds that vary in pitch.
2. Child hums or sings while engaged in another activity.
3. Child sings part of a simple song with others.

V. Language & Literacy

P. Listening to and understanding speech
1. Child responds with actions or words to a suggestion, request, or question.
2. When listening to a story, rhyme, or narrative, child anticipates and fills in a word or phrase.
3. When listening to story, rhyme, or narrative, child comments on or asks a question about it.
4. Child contributes to an ongoing conversation.
Q. Using vocabulary
1. Child talks about people or objects close at hand.
2. Child talks about absent people or objects.
3. Child uses vocabulary related to a particular subject.
4. Child uses two or more descriptive words to describe something.
R. Showing awareness of sounds in words
1. During play, child makes the sound of an animal, vehicle, or some other environmental sound.
S. Demonstrating knowledge about books
1. Child shows interest when a book is read aloud.
2. Child holds a book right-side-up, turns the pages, and looks at them.
3. Child asks another person to read a book to him or her.
4. Looking at the pictures in a book, child tells the story or makes up a story related to pictures.
T. Using letter names and sounds
1. Child says or sings some letters.
2. Child names 10 or more letters over time.
U. Reading & Writing
1. Child uses the same word to identify more than one object.
2. Child says what a picture or symbol represents.
3. Child recognizes a written word.
4. Child writes using pictures, squiggles or letter-like forms.
5. Child writes two or more recognizable letters.

VI.  Mathematics and Science

V. Sorting objects & Identifying Patterns
1. Child creates collections of five or more objects.
2. Child sorts a collection into smaller groups of similar objects.
3. In sorting, child groups objects that are the same in some way but different in others.
4. Child arranges three or more objects in a graduated series.
W. Comparing properties & Counting
1. Child makes or responds to a statement that includes a comparison word.
2. Child makes an object or structure smaller or bigger and comments on the change.
3. Child uses a comparison word to describe the difference between two objects.
4. Child uses a number word.
5. Child counts objects, naming one number for each object.
6. Child counts or responds to a request for 5 to 10 objects.
7. Child counts two groups of objects and says which one has more.
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Abhiney Singh
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1 thought on “Observation Parameters for Pre-School and Kindergarten Students”

  1. Sir, I have been following your posts and they have been informative and useful. Sincere Thanks. I am an MBA graduate and wish to start a preschool by myself. I don’t want to be a franchisee. Kindly let me know if there are any training programs for learning pre school management. Also kindly put up a post on the legal formalities and other requirements for establishing a pre school. Kindly consider.

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