Start a Trust / Society / Section 8 Company for School

If you are looking to start a School in India, the first and foremost thing is to form a TRUST, SOCIETY or a SECTION 8 Company. The most important element which one should remember is the entity thus formed has to be Not-For-Profit and Non- Proprietary in nature.

What is Not – For – Profit?

  1. The profits, if any, or other income and property of the company, whensoever derived, shall be applied, solely for the promotion of the objective of the Society / Trust / Sec 8
  2. No portion of the profits, other income or property aforesaid shall be paid or transferred, directly or indirectly, by way of dividend, bonus or otherwise by way of profit, to persons who, at any time are, or have been, members of the company or to any one or more of them or to any persons claiming through any one or more of them.
  3. No remuneration or other benefit in money or money’s worth shall be given by the company to any of its members, whether officers or members of the company or not, except payment of out-of-pocket expenses, reasonable and proper interest on money lent, or reasonable and proper rent on premises let to the company.
  4. Nothing in this clause shall prevent the payment by the company in good faith of prudent remuneration to any of its officers or servants (not being members) or to any other person (not being member), in return for any services actually rendered to the society/Trust/ Sec 8 company;.
  5. Nothing in clauses (iii) and (iv) shall prevent the payment by the company in good faith of prudent remuneration to any of its members in return for any services (not being services of a kind which are required to be rendered by a member), actually rendered to the society/Trust/ Sec 8 company;

Simply put,

That the school is run as a community service and not as a business and that commercialization does not take place in the school in any shape whatsoever.

That no part of income from the institution shall be diverted to any individual in the Trust/Society/Company registered under section 25 of the companies act, 1956 School Management Committee or to any other person. The savings, if any, after meeting the recurring and non-recurring expenditure and contributions to developmental, depreciation and contingency funds may be further utilized for promoting the school

Not for Profit means the members of the  managing committee of the society  in No Way can withdraw PROFIT coming out of the business of the society or the trust for their personal gain. Money should be channelized within the ambit of society and its functional areas. Society’s profit should be used only for the development and betterment of the objectives and aims of the society/Trust/ Sec 8.

What is Non- Proprietary?

The Society / Trust / Section 8 company running the School should not be related to each other via blood line. It means your siblings and parents or children. The majority of the members of Society / Trust / Section 8 should be unrelated to each other.

What is the difference between Trust / Society & Section 8 Company? Which one is better?

What is the procedure for constitution & registration of Trust /Society or a section 8 Compnay?

Starting a TRUST

  1. TRUST DEED: Trusts are registered using a document called TRUST DEED. This document contains all the information about the Trust and is printed/written/typed on plain A4 size papers.
  2. Attach a Rs. 100 Non-Judicial stamp paper (which you can get from a notary). All the Trustees and witnesses will have to give thumb impressions and signatures on these papers. All in all, you will need help of a notary to prepare the papers.
  3. You may also need a No-Objection Certificate (NOC) from the owner of the property where the registered office of the trust is to be situated. If you’re the owner of the property, then you don’t need to worry about NOC
  4. Following elements must be mentioned in the Trust Deed document:
    • Name and address of the Settler (Settler is the person who is setting up trust)
    • Name(s) and address(es) of the other trustees
    • Name of the trust
    • Minimum and maximum number of trustees your trust can have
    • Address of the registered office of the trust
    • Objectives of the trust
    • Rules and Regulations of the trust
  5. For registering a trust you need minimum two trustees (i.e. one settler and another person). You can decide the maximum number of trustees and this number must be mentioned in the trust deed. All the trustees together are called Board of Trustees. This board collectively governs the trust.
  6. Unlike societies, in case of trusts all or some of the trustees can be related persons (i.e. they may belong to the same family)
  7. All the trusts are allowed to work on all India level
  8. Trusts are irrevocable –unless it is mentioned in the trust deed. This means that the trust cannot be wound up
  9. Trustees are usually life-long members or their tenure is specified in the deed. Electoral process is not involved in the appointment of trustees.
  10. Board of Trustees can also have various designations for trustees. Common designations are Chairperson and Managing Trustee.

Starting a Section 8 Company in India

A person or an association of persons shall make an application in Form No. INC-12 along with the fee as provided in the Companies

The Memorandum of association of the proposed company shall be in Form No. INC-13

Form INC-13 shall be accompanied by the following documents

  1. Memorandum of association and articles of association
  2. The confirmation by an advocate, a charted accountant or a company secretary that the memorandum and articles of association follow all the provisions of section 8;
  3. An approximate declaration of the annual income and expenditure of the Company for next three years mentioning the source of income and modes of expenditure.
  4. The declaration by each of the persons making the application in Form No. INC-15.
  5. The company must issue a notice within one week of sending the application and a copy of the application must be sent to the registrar and this notice shall also be published-

At least once in the vernacular newspaper of the district in which the registered office of the Company is situated and also in an English newspaper circulating in the district.

Starting a SOCIETY

  1. Create MOA (Memorandum of Association) and BYE LAWS:  Any seven persons who subscribe to a Memorandum of Association (MOA) can register a society.
    • The Memorandum should include the names of the society
    • Objectives & Aims of the Society
    • Names, addresses and occupations of those members subscribing to it
    • The details of the first governing body to be constituted on registration.
  2. BYE LAWS : The MOA should be accompanied by the BYE LAWS Rules and Regulations- this should include
    1. Procedure for enrolling and removing various categories of members
    2. Procedure of forming the governing body
    3. Conduct of meetings, election and removal of office bearers
    4. Procedure for conducting annual general body meetings, etc.
  3. Membership: The membership of the society may be kept open (or by invitation) to anybody who subscribes to its aims and objectives, for which a fee may be charged.
  4. Engage with Registrar of Society: Submit the relevant official documents for registration of the Trust / Society to the Assistant / Deputy Charities Commissioner of the area / district, where the office of the Trust / Society is located.

For more info click here 

Office of Registrars across India

Uttar PradeshRegistrar of Cooperative Societies ,
Govt. of Uttar Pradesh, 14 Vidhan Sabha Marg
3rd Floor, Vikasdeep, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226001
ChhattisgarhRegistrar of Cooperative Societies ,
Govt. of Chhattisgarh, Block - 3, 2nd and 3rd Floor,
Indrawati Bhawan, New Raipur
Tel : 0771 2511921
Madhya PradeshRegistrar Firms & Societies
Department of Commerce & Industries
Government of Madhya Pradesh
D-Wing, First Floor, Vindhyachal Bhawan,
Bhopal [M.P.]
PunjabDirectorate of Industries, Ponch House, Lahore (Next to Chuburji)
Phone : 0092-42-99211520-21
Fax : 0092-42-99211522
BiharCompletely Online1)

RajasthanRegistrar of Cooperative Societies ,
Govt. of Rajasthan, Nehru Sahakar Bhawan,
Bhawani Singh Road, Jaipur 302 001
JharkhandGround Floor, Engineer's Hostel - I, Near Golchakkar, Dhurwa, Ranchi, Jharkhand.
West BengalDepartment of Cooperation,
Government of West Bengal
New Secretariat Building(4th Floor),
1,K.S.Roy Road,Kolkata-700001
MaharashtraCommissioner for Cooperation
Registrar of Cooperative Societies
2nd Floor, New Central Building,
Ambedkar Wellesly Rd,
Pune, Maharashtra 411001
Tel.: 020 2612 2846 ‎
Tamil NaduNo.100, Santhome High Road, Chennai 600 028.
KeralaInspector General,
Departmernt of Registration,
Vanchiyur P.O
Kerala - 695035
contact 0471-2472118, 2472110
Andhra PradeshOffice of the Commissioner & Inspector General of Registration and Stamps,
5-59, R.K.Spring Valley Apartments,
Edupugallu, Kankipadu Mandal,
A.P, Vijayawada - 521151
TelenganaD-Block, 4th Floor, Telangana Secretariat, Hyderabad-500022.
Office : 040-29801057
KarnatakaRegistrar of Cooperative Societies in Karnataka, Address: 1, Ali Asker Rd, Bengaluru, Karnataka 5600521)
Himachal PradeshBlock No.25, SDA Complex, Kasumpti, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh 171009
UttarakhandRegistrar of Cooperative Societies,
Govt. of Uttarakhand, Uttaranchal Secretariat,
4-B, Subhas Road, Dehradun 248001
Tel : 2713534
FAX: 2712268
HaryanaBays No. 27-30, Sector-2,

Phone No. : 0172-2585023, 2583438
GujaratRegistrar of Cooperative Societies ,
Govt. of Gujarat, Block No 10, 1st Floor, Old Sachivalaya
Gandhinagar 382 010
Tel : 079-23253868, 079-23253862 ,
FAX: 079-23253877, 079-23253876
ManipurGovernment of Manipur
4th floor, Western Block
New Secretariat,
AssamRegistrar of Cooperative Societies ,
Govt. of Assam, Lakhtokia, Guwahati 781 001
Tel : 0361-2545334 ,
FAX: 0361-2545994
MeghalayaRegistrar of Cooperative Societies

New Administrative Building
Lower Lachumiere, Shillong-793001
East Khasi Hills District, Meghalaya
Phone Number : 0364 - 2225212
TripuraO/O the R.C.S. Govt of Tripura. 1st Floor & 2nd Floor
NagalandRegistrar of Co-operative Societies
A.G. Office Road
Kohima, Nagaland-797001
SikkimGovernment of Sikkim
Annexe 1, Top Floor, Kazi Road
Gangtok , Sikkim-737101
OdishaNear State Bank Of India, Kharvel Nagar, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751001

Tel:No: +91 - 832- 2437165/2437175/2437134
Email :


Is it mandatory to form a Trust/Society/Section 8 Company?

Yes it is Mandatory to have Trust/Society/Section 8 Company in India.


Who can be members, Trustees, directors of Society / Trust / Section – 8 company? Can the members of the same family become members of the Trust? Can the Blood Relations form a Trust, Society etc?

The husband, wife, son, daughter singly or jointly can be the members of the Trust provided that they do not vest control of the Trust. In other words, if the husband as well as the wife (2trustees), are the members of the Trust, then the Trust should have another 3 to 4 trustees who are not members of the same family, to prevent the husband-wife team vesting the control of the trust. Thus the total membership of the Trust in this case will have to be enlarged to 5 or 6 Trustees, out of which 3 to 4 Trustees should not be from the same family. Likewise, in case a trust is constituted with husband, wife and son / daughter (three trustees), then the Trust will have to have another 4 to 5 trustees, who are not the members of the same family.

Hi, if you are looking for a Consultant to help you start a School or with any issue like Affiliations, Project Finance, School Management, Project Feasibility Studies, Project Report, Contact Abhiney Singh by filling the form below or calling or through WhatsApp on +91 70002 40006


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Abhiney Singh

Abhiney Singh

I run a school called Brighton International School ( I am also now a partner with a School consulting company which helps budding educators or investors start school or gain access to help related to school. The help could be in the form of Turnkey School Consultation, Detailed Project report, Project Finance, Business Plan consulting, Recruitment planning, Infrastructure consultation, Affiliation Consultation, Teacher’s Training, Academic and Curriculum Planning. I now have a decade of work experience. I strongly believe in improving every day and I have tremendous respect for people who pursue their dreams with undying passion and enthusiasm. I have worked in Mumbai for about 6 years as a Marketing-Media professional which has helped me in shaping what I am today. I am Chemical Engineer with an MBA in Marketing. You can know more about me at You can mail me on or call me on +91 70002 40006. This number is also on whatsapp.

16 thoughts on “Start a Trust / Society / Section 8 Company for School

  • June 25, 2020 at 9:59 am

    Will the siblings be considered in the same bloodline???

  • May 19, 2020 at 5:54 pm

    Ur blog is quite enlightening…..I have few queries . I am an architect having designed schools also I m one of the trustee to a school though I am not active as trustee and just have invested so I want to know about my rights and responsibilities as trustee

    • June 11, 2020 at 11:06 am

      Dear Advait, As a trustee, you are entitled to attend all the general meetings and essentially you should be privy to all the working of the trust. Read the bye laws of you trust to know more about your powers and responsibilities.

  • February 13, 2020 at 5:14 pm

    What action will be taken by CBSE BOARD
    if the trust members are husbsnd and wife, the trustees are only 3 including a daughter who is a blood relative?
    Isnt it a violation of byelaw???

  • December 1, 2019 at 2:03 pm


  • July 17, 2019 at 11:04 am

    Hi Abhiney,

    1stly, thank you very much for taking the time to list this and for your insights, they gave me a certain amount of clarity. I have worked in a school run for underprivileged children for a few years. My family owns some land outskirts of the city where schools are not only rare but also ill equipped. I have a few investors willing to fund the infrastructure and help in the financial aspects of it. I want to run this school to provide free education to the local children there who cannot afford it otherwise. From the research I have done, it seems like setting up a trust is the right way to approach this, could you please advise if I am correct in my understanding?


    • July 17, 2019 at 11:28 am

      Hello Shreya,
      The best way to start in my understanding is Sections 8 Company, it is easier and just takes two people. Though a little expensive in terms of starting it, but less hassles in future. Read more online and consult an advocate.

  • June 1, 2019 at 12:50 pm

    Kindly suggest which is better to run a school through trust or society?
    I am planning to open a school but unable to decide to register a trust or a society.

  • April 7, 2019 at 7:23 am

    My family owns a plot of land with a residential building in a town in Bihar. We have been approached by an individual for opening a school on the plot. We want to enter into a partnership with him for running the school.
    Our experience in the field. The individual has experience of establishing a school of 500+ students on the outskirts of the same town. We ourselves have been running a school in our native village for the past eight years.

    This is the first ocassion where we are thinking of entering a partnership model.
    Please advise on what all should be consider before deciding on the avenue.

    • April 16, 2019 at 5:26 pm

      Dear Amit, I think we discussed this over the phone. Let me know if you need more sugestions on this.

  • February 1, 2019 at 1:16 pm

    A foreign investor is eager to invest in a school project in India. But since a school is run by a trust , how can we accomdate him & how will he be able to draw his share of profit ?


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